Utah Background Check

What is Background Check?

A background check or background investigation is the process of researching and compiling past information on an individual. This information is usually gleaned from public records held by government organizations and departments. They include arrest records (warrants, felony and misdemeanor charges, incarcerations, sex offenses), vital records (marriage and divorce records, birth and death certificates, civil court hearings), property records (owned property, estimated values, purchased goods used as collateral), background check records (bankruptcy records, places of residence, occupancies at that residence, and how long people lived there

The amount of background check information presented on StateRecords.org will vary from individual to individual as well as by what resources were used to collect the information, because different sources, which are publicly available, often have non-standardized town, county and state level protocols, storage classifications, requirements, organization and digitization processes.

County Infrastructure

In the United States, a county is a political and geographic subdivision of a state, usually assigned some level of governmental authority.  Many counties are divided into smaller political or governmental units, which may provide governmental or public services. The importance of the county infrastructure lays on the court legal procedures and incarceration infrastructure. Most court cases in Utah courts begin in one of the 29 superior or trial courts located in each of the state’s 29 counties. Each county demonstrates a judicial power and legal power by its courts. All small claim cases are assigned to the county court houses, leaving them with the executive power over sentence of the case.

Incarceration Infrastructure

Utah Department of Correction and Rehabilitation is entitled to govern the majority of the imprisonment in the state of Utah, excluding juvenile incarceration, federal prisons, and county jails. The state of Utah registers 3 state prisons held by the Utah Department of Correction and Rehabilitation, and 6 juvenile facilities held by the Utah Division of Juvenile Justice.

Criminal Records

A criminal record is defined as an official document that records a person’s criminal history including arrest records, warrant records, felony records, misdemeanor records and sex offender registration information. The information is assembled and updated from local, county and state jurisdictions, trial courts, courts of appeals as well as county and state correctional facilities. The standard for criminal record collection and storage varies from county to county, but the majority of Utah criminal records are organized in online record depositories that are available to the public in the form of a Criminal Background Report.

Civil Records

A civil record is defined as the documents which keep, administrate, and maintain all records regarding a person’s most important life events. These records compile such documents as birth certificates, marriage records, divorce records and death certificates. All the available records are gathered and stored in a permanent central registry state entity that is used to develop statistical analysis of its population presenting it to the public in a report. The records are compiled from the information presented by the bureaus of statistic and vital records, civil court cases and vital indexes.

Bankruptcy Information

Bankruptcy is a legal status of a person or other entity that cannot repay the debts it owes to creditors. In most jurisdictions, bankruptcy is imposed by a court order, often initiated by the debtor. While bankruptcy cases are always filed in United States Bankruptcy Court, an adjunct to the United State District Courts, bankruptcy cases, particularly with respect to the validity of claims and exemptions, are often dependent upon State law. The United States Code signed six types of bankruptcy under the Bankruptcy code. The most common types of personal bankruptcy for individuals are addressed in Chapter 7 and Chapter 13 which compromise straight bankruptcy and Wage Earner Bankruptcy.

Why is Background Check is Available to the Public?

In 1991, the Utah State Legislature pass a law named the Utah Government Records Access and Management Act. This law enables the last changes in 1997 and aims to make sure disclosure of court records and other public records to the public, Government Records Laws.

Every person throughout the state can request access to access all public records through the assigned specialized offices within its determined terms. The availability of the records extends to vital records, court records, criminal records and bankruptcy information as these cases are governed by the Utah District Courts.

What Background Check Access Mean to the Public?

The law is similar to the Utah Open Meeting Law legislates the methods by which public meetings are held. The Utah Government Records Access and Management Act guarantees that all records maintained by state and local government entities at all levels in the state of Utah are available for public access and copying.

Utah State Archives

State Archives

Results Include

Full State Record Report:

  • Name
  • Location
  • Case Number
  • Case Summary
  • Docket
  • Police Report
  • Court Documents
  • Legal Records
  • Case File
  • Statements
  • Transcripts
  • Legal Forms
  • Case Notes
  • Disposition
  • Trial Records
  • Arbitration
  • Case Evidence
  • Witnesses
  • Interviews
  • Descriptions
  • Mugshots
  • Charges
  • Legal Motions
  • Attorney Records
  • Prosecution Records
Utah Old Piute County Courthouse 1903

Utah Old Piute County Courthouse 1903

  • State archives hold over 19,000 cubic feet of records.
  • There are 2 levels of courts – trial and appellate.
  • The Utah Court of Appeals is the intermediate-level appellate court for the state of Utah. It began operations in 1987.
  • There are 8 district courts in Utah, one in each of the 8 districts.
  • The highest court in Utah is the Utah Supreme Court. It has final authority of interpretation of the Utah Constitution.
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